Please email us at: info@greatharbourway.org.nz, site by theDesign  wellington web designer, Accessing the Great Harbour Way/ Te Ara o Pōneke, Walking the Great Harbour Way/ Te Aranui o Pōneke, Bicycling the Great Harbour Way/ Te Aranui o Pōneke, The Story of Wellington Harbour Maori Discovery & Settlement, Boffa Miskell report on Great Harbour Way/ Te Aranui o Pōneke. Neither Abel Tasman (in 1642) nor Captain Cook (in 1773) entered Wellington harbour, and it wasn’t until the New Zealand Company arrived that European settlement began in earnest. Tree trunks and any available niche on the ground were clothed in mosses and liverworts competing with ferns and delicate orchids to display their myriad hues and textures. Fifteen Maori chiefs signed the agreement, and received payment of weapons, tools, clothing and the like, although as elsewhere in New Zealand, the legitimacy of this purchase has since been questioned. On the higher slopes, thousands of northern rata reached to over 30 metres high, flowering at Christmas and turning the hills crimson for weeks on end, to the delight of nectar-seeking tui and korimako. Find out what's open and how to get support wellington.govt.nz/covid-19. Legends recount that Kupe discovered and explored the region in about the 10th century. Te Ohu Kai Moana Trust and Te Ohu Kai Moana Trustee Limited were created ultimately out of the Māori Fisheries Settlement 1992 between Māori and the Crown.Te Ohu Kaimoana is the successor to the Māori Fisheries Commission (1989 – 1992) and the Treaty of Waitangi Fisheries Commission (1992 – 2004). The reason? If you want to help, email us at info@greatharbourway.org.nz. When the fish died it became a great land where previously there had been nothing but ocean. After the First World War the city’s economy expanded as producer boards, oil companies, and car manufacturers and distributors set up shop. We welcome and invite comments and suggestions. The Great Depression checked growth in the early 1930s, but Wellington benefited more than most centres from the election of the first Labour government in 1935: the civil service expanded and state housing took off in the suburbs. There was an outcry in the 1960s when the motorway cut through the Bolton Street cemetery. The so-called King Movement was a response to the increasing threat to the Maori land. Porirua became a manufacturing and distribution centre, and from the late 1960s the Kapiti Coast mushroomed as a retirement and commuting area. 1840: European settlement begins. Māori warriors were strong and fearless, able to skillfully wield a variety of traditional weapons (opens in new window), including the spear-like taiaha and club-like mere. The Trust used to own a significant portion of land at Shelly Bay, on Motu Kairangi's western coastline. Some areas of Wellington City are built on reclaimed land or relatively unconsolidated sediment, but most dwellings are built on solid rock or very stiff sediment. Before European colonisation, the area in which the city of Wellington would eventually be founded was seasonally inhabited by indigenous Māori.The earliest date with hard evidence for human activity in New Zealand is about 1280. Here, tangles of looping lianes such as kiekie, climbing rata and supplejack twined and clung to the massive trunks of totara, pukatea, rimu, miro, matai and kahikatea. In fact Wellington began as a settlement with very little flat land, but the 1855 earthquake raised more flat land, stimulating more reclamations. A book, written by a Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington academic, argues that genuine and durable reconciliation can occur only when the importance of Māori legal traditions in the Treaty of Waitangi settlement process is recognised. The city retired its trams in the early 1960s, but kept its cable car, suburban trains and buses. In 1863 the Parliament at Auckland decreed that ‘it has become necessary that the seat of government … should be transferred to some suitable locality in Cook Strait’. In the 1990s apartment living became popular with many, further fuelling the burgeoning culture. The habour is formed between a master fault, the Wellington Fault, and a set of smaller faults at an angle to it. He returned after a year, declaring that the best place he had seen was ‘at the very nostrils of the island’. Our sole aim is to develop and promote this exciting project. Ministers. From his base in suburban Miramar, film producer Peter Jackson presides over ‘Wellywood’ with King Kong and other movies. New Zealand has a shorter human history than any other country. Ngāti Kahu: Portrait of a sovereign nation: History, traditions and Tiriti o Waitangi Claims: Kia Hakapūmau tonu te Mana o ngā Hapū o Ngāti Kahu: Ngāti Kahu Deed of Partial Settlement. Image sourced from The Māori Language Commission website, 26 July 2017 Cultural Aspects Toi te kupu, toi te mana, toi te whenua The permanence of the language, prestige and land Mead, S. M., & Grove, N. (2001).Ngāpēpeha a ngātīpuna : The sayings of the ancestors. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, iwi from Taranaki and Kawhia migrated from their homelands to settle in and around Te Whanganui a Tara. Not all their replacements were good and in the recession many tower blocks opened with ‘to let’ signs in the windows. Te Whanganui a Tara is another name Māori gave the area – a name said to come from Whatonga’s son Tara who was sent down from the Mahia Peninsula by his father to explore southern lands for their people to settle. One of New Zealand’s greatest heritage places, Old St Paul’s was built by the Anglican Church between 1865 and 1866 on what was originally the site of Pipitea Pā, a Māori settlement on Wellington… The area south of Te Aro Pa was well-cultivated. Over the next 950 years a succession of Maori people from different tribes arrived and occupied the area including Tara and Tautoke, sons of Whatonga from the Mahia peninsula. There was concern that the gold-rich southerners of New Zealand would form a separate colony, and a group of Australian commissioners gave the ‘objective’ opinion that Wellington, with its harbour and central location, would suit best. Dr Rawiri Taonui Covid Māori | The Mystery of the Locations of Interest Group and White Waitangi Day As predicted in the Waatea News column 29 January, yesterday saw a 4th case of the South African B1351 strain. There was frequent contact and trade between the various hapu (sub-tribes) of different kainga, and the harbour was well used as a highway for communication and to gather marine resources. settlement of a number of islands and island groups in East Polynesia. Along the route you will see and experience a diversity of interesting natural features and eco-systems, from wild coastline, wetland and inland lakes, to farmland crossings and detours through regenerating native bush – all giving an insight into the life of the harbour before humans arrived …. None of this closed the widening gap between the city and its arch rival, Auckland, whose greater urban area now has almost four times the population of the Wellington urban area. In fact Wellington began as a settlement with very little flat land, but the 1855 earthquake raised more flat land, stimulating more reclamations. After the war, tariff barriers enabled industry to flourish, especially in the Hutt Valley. Carwyn Jones, an associate professor at the Victoria University of Wellington Law School who specialises in Māori customary law and Treaty settlements, also takes issue with the existing process, but says that an Ihumātao settlement won't provide legal precedent for altering it. The tough, small-leaved trees and shrubs and hardy tussocks of the ice ages alternated with warmer periods during which kauri grew here. Other iwi associated with the area were Ngati Kahungunu, Ngai Tahu and Ngati Mamoe. Te Whanganui a Tara is another name Māori gave the area – a name said to come from Whatonga’s son Tara who was sent down from the Mahia Peninsula by his father to explore southern lands for their people to settle. It last moved in about 1450AD. New Zealand. When European settlers arrived they found thriving Māori settlements stretching from Waiwhetu on the eastern side of the Hutt Valley, Petone, round to settlements at the mouth of the Kaiwharawhara Stream to Pipitea Pa, Kumutoto Pa, Tiakiwai Pa and finally into Te Aro Pa in the heart of the waterfront. Māori settlement. The airport reopened after much work in 1959 and from 1962 rail ferries bridged Cook Strait. Becoming the country’s capital was all very well, but it created few jobs in the days before big government. In the Wellington region, the plate collision is compressing Earth’s crust in an east-west direction, almost like squeezing a corrugated sheet – the ridges go up and the valleys go down. Settlers were allocated two property lots: an acre in the township, and a back-country block worth £1 per acre. How was it formed? We welcome your ideas, information and donations of time, money and services. Around the same time, the city became the financial heart of New Zealand, with many imposing bank and insurance buildings springing up in the south Lambton Quay precinct. Launch of new Māori resource; Book casts new light on Treaty settlement process. It also partnered the city council to put on the optimistic art deco Centennial Exhibition, which drew 2.6 million visitors to Rongotai over the war-clouded summer of 1939-40. To view birdlife in abundance, visit the Karori Wildlife Sanctuary. From the early 1900s, the cable car and electric trams opened up southern and eastern suburbs to commuters. Wellington’s buildings are well constructed and designed, and some public buildings are supported by state of the art ‘base isolator’ foundation bearings. Many of the usual groups that attend Waitangi – including the Māori Party and delegations who attend with the iwi leaders – had opted to stay away after the recent case of Covid-19 in Northland. In the north and east, on well-drained spurs, beech forest spread its comparatively uniform canopy. The earliest known name for Wellington city, derived from Māori legend, is Te Upoko o te Ika a Maui or the head of Maui’s fish. Kupe sailed his canoe to New Zealand around 950AD, stopping at various points around the new country including what is now Wellington Harbour. Wellington Harbour is more like a lake than a harbour, being up to 28 metres deep and occupying nearly 50 square kilometres. In 1839, led by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, the Company bought from Te Atiawa chief Te Wharepouri, 90 percent of the land in Te Whanganui a Tara, around 160,000 acres, in a deal known as The Port Nicholson Purchase (Wellington being so-named at that time, after an Australian harbour master). Wakefield named the town at Te Aro after Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington (1769-1852), the famous general and British prime minister from 1828 to 1830. Another leg-up came from the Liberals, who ruled for 21 years from 1890, led for much of that time by ‘King Dick’, creating many state jobs. Estuaries teemed with aquatic and salt-tolerant plants in broad, subtle colour bands, and dunes were clothed in a pelt of silver spinifex and golden pingao, with handsome plumes of coastal toetoe waving high overhead. European settlement was underway. The financial and commercial redress of the proposed settlement was now close to $180 million. Early European settlers were astounded at the lush ‘tropical’ appearance of our bush, a contrast to the open, park-like forests they were expecting in these temperate latitudes. This naming presupposes the ability of early Māori to view Aotearoa from the heavens and envisage the fish-like shape of the whole North Island. Maui and his brothers struggled with the large fish, beating and slashing it so that it writhed in agony creating the hills and the valleys. The first came from the railways, which from the late 1870s provided better access to the productive farms and townships of the interior. It explores barriers that Māori experience relating to prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment, cures, and palliative care. The town then relocated to the south-western end of the harbour. Tasman named the place we now call Golden Bay ‘Moordenaers’ (Murderers’) Bay. A shake-up of a different kind took place 20 years later when free-market policies trimmed the public sector. Even so, the residents of Wellington City are New Zealand’s wealthiest, best-educated and cyber-savvy citizens. Even so, many people switched to private cars, leading to problems for such a compact city. For further information about Māori place names, see the Te Ara entry on Māori place names and Māori and Pākehā names in the Te Ara Places entry. Not only were the settlements thriving, there was also a healthy water-based trade and communication system. Today Meka Whaitiri, a member in the Labour Party, warmly greeted us and gave us a tour of the Parliament.She met us in the Māori Affairs Committee Room, which is located in the main Parliament building. ‘Ten Pound Poms’, European migrants, came out to staff factories, but most new workers were Maori (virtually squeezed out of the city since the 1860s), and Polynesians. The New Zealand International Festival of the Arts and a host of other festivals reinvigorated the economy, as did the opening of Te Papa in 1998. The entire North Island sits on the crust at the very eastern edge of the Australian Plate. Today, these weapons may be seen in Māori ceremonies, such as the wero (challenge). Included in the revision is a likely 1350 AD settlement date for New Zealand, which, coincidentally, in all likelihood matches proposed dates based on Māori oral tradition. Te Papa is so vast it actually has more than enough to keep you engaged for all of your time in Wellington but there’s plenty more to be explored elsewhere too so tear yourself away and take a stroll along the waterfront to the modern building known as Te Wharewaka o Poneke or Te Raukura, built on the site of a former Maori settlement or ‘pa’ See: Treaty settlements. Since then the city has developed many more museums, galleries and performance spaces. These faults are all sideways faults with significant vertical movement and they all cut right through the crust, which is about 25 km thick beneath Wellington. The increasing suburban sprawl brought problems. Topic Explorer sets These sets contain quality, curated resources — websites, images, videos, books, and more — to support and inspire inquiry. Scoop Wellington provides news and views from Wellington, New Zealand ... and subsequent Māori settlement along this coastline.” Bruce is analysing the data and preparing to write a book about the site, its locality, and this important piece of New Zealand history. The original Polynesian settlers discovered the country on deliberate voyages of exploration, navigating by making use of prevailing winds and ocean currents, and observing the stars. Keith Ikin, initialling the deed of settlement on behalf of the Maniapoto Māori Trust Board. Unemployment soared. The name symbolises the bridge between Māori and the Crown, the past and the future, and the journey from grievance to partnership. The date of first settlement is a matter of debate, but current understanding is that the first arrivals came from East Polynesia in the late 13th century. The first anniversary of Wellington was celebrated in 1841, one year after the arrival of the settler ship Aurora, which arrived on 22 January 1840 with 150 settlers after a four-month voyage from England. In 2005, archaeologists working on a site for an apartment project unearthed the remains of three whare (huts). By 1900 Lambton Quay, ‘the beach’ in 1840, was a long way back from the water’s edge of the bustling port town. Wellington … The explorer Kupe is credited with the discovery of the land and harbour on which Wellington is now situated. They are believed to be 215-200 million years old and formed as sea-floor sediment accumulated in horizontal layers. The context to this is the ongoing legal action between Mau Whenua and the Port Nicholson Block Settlement Trust.. On the shores of Cook Strait a remarkably rich seaweed flourished. Tariff reductions and the 1987 share-market crash devastated major employers such as the railways and many of the regions factories. 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