The railway bridge is 6,776 ft (2,065 m)[47] and was opened to traffic in 1914. [78] As of October 2006, an estimated 200,000 refugees have been reported in Mandapam Camp. This article is about the temple town. Located in the centre of town, Ramanathaswamy Temple is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to the god Shiva. [73] The journey across the four cardinal points in India is considered sacred by Hindus who aspire to visit these temples once in their lifetime. Most of … After completion of bridge, metre-gauge lines were laid from Mandapam up to Pamban Station, from where the railway lines bifurcated into two directions, one towards Rameswaram about 6.25 miles (10.06 km) up and another branch line of 15 miles (24 km) terminating at Dhanushkodi. Apart from telecom, BSNL also provides broadband internet service[65] along with other major internet service provider like Reliance. Maps prepared by a Dutch cartographer in 1747 CE, available at the Tanjore Saraswathi Mahal Library show this area as Ramancoil, a colloquial form of the Tamil Raman Kovil (or Rama's Temple). Rameshwaram is one of the most famous pilgrimage places in India. [7] According to one of the versions of Ramayana, Rama, the seventh avatar of the god Vishnu, prayed to Shiva here to absolve any sins that he might have committed during his war against the demon-king Ravana in Sri Lanka. Bus seats are filling up fast..Reserve YOURS Now! [47] About 10 ships – cargo carriers, coast guard ships, fishing vessels and oil tankers pass through the bridge every month. [21], As per the religious census of 2011, Rameswaram had 87.4% Hindus, 4.36% Muslims, 8.13% Christians, 0.03% Sikhs, 0.01% Buddhists, and 0.07% following other religions. IndiGo Airlines. [50] Before the 1914 train service linked the mainland with Rameswaram, boats were the only mode of transport to Rameswaram island. There were a total of 16,645 workers, comprising 69 cultivators, 20 main agricultural labourers, 148 in house hold industries, 15,130 other workers, 1,278 marginal workers, 11 marginal cultivators, 26 marginal agricultural labourers, 44 marginal workers in household industries and 1,197 other marginal workers. Tourism and fishery employ the majority of workforce in Rameswaram. Rameswaram has dry tropical climate with low humidity,[21] with average monthly rainfall of 75.73 mm (2.981 in),[21] mostly from North-East monsoon from October to January. It is in the Gulf of Mannar, at the tip of the Indian peninsula. [8][3] According to the Puranas (Hindu scriptures), upon the advice of sages, Rama along with his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana, installed and worshipped the lingam (an iconic symbol of Shiva) here to expiate the sin of Brahmahatya incurred while killing of the Brahmin Ravana. [80], Being an island, a significant population is involved in fishery traditionally. AGRO CLIMATIC ZONE Ramanathapuram District lies on the Southern Zone and is bounded in the east by Palk strait of Ramanathapuram district of the southern zone, in the north west by Virudhunagar and in north east by Sivagangai districts of the southern zone, in the south by Gulf of Mannar of the Southern zone and […] Website : add website. Rameswaram is the terminus of the railway line from Chennai and Madurai. [86] The accord of 1974 allows fishermen of both the countries for resting and soaking the nets in the island. Rameshwaram is also a popular pilgrimage destination. (http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/letters/article2595588.ece) The noted Boat Mail ran on this track between 1915 and 1964 from Chennai Egmore up to Dhanushkodi, from where the passengers were ferried to Talaimannar in Ceylon. Hindus believe that visiting all the Char Dham will help them achieve moksha (liberation from rebirth). The Ramanathaswamy Temple, dedicated to Shiva, is at the centre of the town and is closely associated with Rama. Airlines. 17,300 Sq.ft hospital facility has the capacity to handle nearly 4000 outpatients and perform about 6,000 eye surgeries a year. Unfortunately, photography is no longer allowed due to increased security. Of the 24, 14 are in the form of tanks and wells within the precincts of the temple. Though ideologically the temples are divided between the sects of Hinduism, namely Saivism and Vaishnavism, the Char Dham pilgrimage is an all Hindu affair. [11], The history of Rameswaram is centred around the island being a transit point to reach Sri Lanka (Ceylon historically) and the presence of Ramanathaswamy Temple. [39] The major expense heads are for salaries of ₹6 million (equivalent to ₹11 million or US$150,000 in 2019), operating expenses of ₹3.7 million (equivalent to ₹6.7 million or US$94,000 in 2019), and repair & maintenance expenditure of ₹2.3 million (equivalent to ₹4.2 million or US$58,000 in 2019). One was brought from the Himalayas by Lord Hanuman upon Ram's request, and the other was created out of sand by Sita when the arrival of that lingam was delayed. Find best routes and deals for Muzaffarpur to Rameshwaram by flight, bus or car. [81] There has not been a single prosecution in any of the 381 killings committed so far from the Indian judiciary. This is located beside the ghost town of Dhanushkodi at the easternmost tip of Rameswaram Island. It is on Pamban Island separated from mainland India by the Pamban channel and is about 40 kilometres from Mannar Island, Sri Lanka. Arichamunai Bird Sanctuary, near Dhanushkodi, is closest to Rameshwaram. Read on to discover the top things to do in Rameshwaram. [50][51], [52] The Rameswaram municipality covers a total road length of 52 km and 20 km of national highway covering about 80 percent of the town. It may come as a surprise that Rameshwaram, which is prominently known for temple tourism, is one of the best kite surfing destinations in India! It became a township during 1958 and was declared a municipality in 2004. [46], Pamban Bridge is a cantilever bridge on the Palk Strait that connects Rameswaram to mainland India. Best deals and offers on Muzaffarpur to Rameshwaram trip. As of 2001 India census, Mudukulathur had a population of 13,130. [74] The temple is one of the famous pilgrimage sites historically – the Maratha kings who ruled Thanjavur established chatrams or rest houses all through Mayiladuthurai and Rameswaram between 1745 and 1837 CE and donated them to the temple. The town covers an area of 53 km2 (20 sq mi) and had a population of 44,856 as of 2011. Tamil Nadu Ltd., Computer reservation centres", "City Development Plan, Rameswaram, Final Report", Thambiluvil Sri Sivalinga Pillayar Temple, Thirukkovil Sithira Velayutha Swami Kovil, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rameswaram&oldid=998109563, Cities and towns in Ramanathapuram district, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2001, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 21:31. Ramanathaswamy Temple is also remarkable because it has two lingams (symbols of Lord Shiva). Write a Review 84 + available buses, 30+ Operators from Chennai to Rameswaram. [55] The tower is a 323m tall circular concrete tower with a square steel mast of 45m height, diameter of 24m at the bottom tapering to 6.5m at top. [14] In 1520 CE, the town came under the rule of Vijayanagara Empire. The railway bridge historically carried metre-gauge trains on it, but Indian Railways upgraded the bridge to carry broad-gauge trains in a project that finished on 12 August 2007. According to the 2011 census, the taluk of Rameswaram had a population of 82.682 with 41.995 males and 40.687 females. Rama used his bows end to break the bridge - Adams Bridge. [16][17][18] He erected a mosque by name Alia al-Din Khaldji in honour of victory of Islam. [48], There are daily express trains connecting major cities in Tamil Nadu like Chennai, Madurai, Trichy and Coimbatore. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. The best way to get from Muzaffarpur to Rameswaram is to train via Bhubaneshwar which takes 2 days 11h and costs ₹1,200 - ₹1,500. [41], Rameswaram comes under the Ramanathapuram assembly constituency and it elects a member to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly once every five years. There is a minority of Christians belonging to the fishing community. Hence, the governments decided on an imaginary one. All are inside the temple premises except for Agnitheertham, which is located at the sea a few hundred meters before the temple's east gate. You can take a bus from Mumbai to Rameswaram via Bandra, Bandra Station East, Mukund Company, Mumbai, and Bangalore in around 31h 9m. [15] Hinduism was their state religion and they made generous contribution to the temple. The government declared it a ghost town, unfit for habitation. Easily navigated, men and women use the site as a conduit to romance and/or flirt with people specifically located in India. Spanning 2.35 kilometers (1.46 miles), it's the second longest sea bridge in India (the Bandra-Worli Sealink in Mumbai is the longest). Historically, the two leaves of the bridge were opened manually using levers by workers. It sits on Pamban Island in the Gulf of Munnar, just off the Indian mainland at the tip of the Indian Peninsula. Sponsored links. Mudukulathur Block Head Quarters is Mudukulathur town . [15], According to Firishta, Malik Kafur, the head general of Alauddin Khalji, the ruler of Delhi Sultanate, reached Rameswaram during his political campaign in spite of stiff resistance from the Pandyan princes in the early 14th century. Geological evidence suggests that this bridge is a former land connection between India and Sri Lanka. It is written in the Ramayana that the Divine King Rama built a Ram-Setu with Hanuman's help from here across the sea to Lanka to rescue his wife Sita from her abductor Ravana. [31] The town had a total of 10579 households. However, both Valmiki and KambaRamayana does not have any evidences about this Rameswaram story. 5 Mudukulathur 48085 38 Mudukulathur 38 6 Kadaladi 61223 53 Kadaladi 53 7 Kamuthi 57847 49 Kamuthi 49 Total 408957 400 400 1.2 Basin and sub-basin The district is part of the composite east flowing river basin,“Between Gundar and Vaigai” as per the Irrigation Atlas of India. The breadth of these columned corridors varies from 17 to 21 feet with a height of 25 feet. [84][85] The jetty at Rameswaram is the largest landing centre for fishing boats in the region and it usually comes alive after the ban, with the arrival of fishermen, boat captains, shore workers and others from their native places. Pamban Island is joined to the Indian mainland by two noteworthy bridges. [81] The Sri Lankan army attributed the killings to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), but the casualty continues even after the end of LTTE in the region. Jatayu, King of the Birds, who fought in vain with the demon-king Ravana to save Sita, is said to have fallen down at Jadayu Theertham as his wings were severed. [77] On 11 March 1990, a record number of 2,337 refugees in 38 boats arrived from Talaimannar in Sri Lanka to Rameswaram – this was the largest number of refugees arriving in a single day since the ethnic violence from July 1983. [20] In 1795 CE, Rameswaram came under the direct control of the British East India Company and was annexed to the Madras Presidency. The temple has the longest corridor among all Hindu temples in India. [25] The Ramayana attributes the building of this bridge to Rama in verse 2-22-76, naming it as Setubandhanam. Ideally, Hindus who are on a pilgrimage should get an early start. Rameswaram (also spelt as Ramesvaram, Rameshwaram) is a town and municipality in the Ramanathapuram district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is on Pamban Island separated from mainland India by the Pamban channel and is about 40 kilometres from Mannar Island, Sri Lanka. Gawk at the Eerie Ghost Town of Dhanushkodi, Photo by James Adaickalasamy/Getty Images, By Kaushik Kumar CC BY-SA 3.0 from Wikimedia Commons, See Where Former President A.P.J. [40] The legislative powers are vested in a body of 21 members, one each from the 21 wards. Another option is the relatively new Sakkarakottai Bird Sanctuary, only an hour from Rameshwaram on the mainland. Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project proposes linking the Palk Bay and the Gulf of Mannar between India and Sri Lanka by creating a shipping canal through the shallow sea sometimes called Setu Samudram, and through the chain of islands variously known as Ram Sethu or the Rama's Bridge. There were 969 women for every 1000 men. The childhood home of India's 11th president, A.P.J. Book Chennai to Mudukulathur bus tickets online with lowest price in Shri Bhagiyalakshimi Travels. The highest ever temperature recorded at Pamban station was 37 °C and the lowest was 17 °C. Boarding Point : Filter By Bus Details Timings Fare Seat Availability Status; Top Routes Udumalaipet to Megnanapuram Udumalaipet to Senthamaram Udumalaipet to Tirunelveli Senthamaram to Coimbatore Eral to … The Spatika lingam darshan (cost: 50 rupees) from 5 a.m. to 6 a.m., is particularly auspicious. Mudukulathur is a Block in Ramanathapuram District of Tamil Nadu State, India. [67] It is also one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalam temples and is glorified in hymns by the three of the most revered Nayanar saints (7th century Saivite saints), Appar, Sundarar and Tirugnana Sambandar. [82] An estimated 381 fishermen have been killed in the sea due to shoot outs from 1983 to 2009. Dhanushkodi Tirtham is one of the Tirthas in the island of Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India. 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