However, evidence from epidemiologic and clinical studies is largely lacking. fruit: a review of current knowledge of fruit composition and health benefits. Pronunciation: ZIZ-i-fus joo-JOO-ba (joo-JOOB) Family: Rhamnaceae. Botanical Name : Ziziphus Jujuba Family Name : Rhamnaceae Common Name : Jujube, Ziziphus Part Used : Leaves, Fruits Habitat : Dry gravelly or stony slopes of hills and mountains of india. Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn. Ziziphus / ˈ z ɪ z ɪ f ə s / is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world. It grows wild in forests and also on wastelands throughout the mid-hills up to elevations of 1,400 metres. Leaves turn yellow in fall. Although the fruit from this tree is very popular in China today, it is largely unknown in much of the U.S. Small ovate to oblong-elliptic leaves (to 2" long) are glossy green with finely toothed margins. Though the plant's origin is probably Syria, it was distributed throughout much of the Mediterranean region at least 3,000 years ago and today is most widely grown in China. Flowers bloom in the leaf axils from late spring to early summer. Ziziphus jujuba and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Over 400 cultivars have been selected. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Common Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba 'Li') in the Jujubes Database - Garden.org New and Unread Tree-Mails illeg. Not commonly grown for ornamental purposes. illeg. Fruit is a round to elongate drupe of varying size (from cherry to plum), but typically to 1 1/4" long with a single stone within. Ziziphus sativa Gaertn., nom. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen in October. hysudrica, which is wild or cultivated with large fruit, and var. Product offered : Leaves, Seeds, Stems Uses : Jujube is both a delicious fruit and an effective herbal remedy.It aids weight gain, improves muscular strength and increases stamina. Ziziphus jujuba. Experiments in animals support the presence of anxiolytic and sedative properties. Ziziphus jujuba . Ziziphus jujuba. Fall color is sometimes yellow. Ziziphus is a genus of shrubs in the Rhamnaceae family of buckthorns. 1), 2) basionym: Rhamnus zizyphus L., 1753, replaced synonym 3) in [Linnaeus C (1753)] equivalent: Zizyphus jujuba, orth. (the Indian jujube or ber), and Ziziphus jujuba Mill. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Ziziphus mauritiana was first named as Ziziphus jujube in 1789 by Lamarck. Genbank common name: common jujube NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Additional Common Names. This genus includes Ziziphus jujuba, which has common names such as Chinese date, Indian date, Korean date and red date. Longevity 50 to 150 years. This tree prefers warm and somewhat dry climates and is very tolerant of alkaline soils. 3 Leaf habit Fig. (Ziziphus jujuba) Foliage at Ammuguda 01.jpg 1,920 × 1,734; 2.01 MB 2 Ziziphus jujuba (Common jujube). These two species have been cultivated over vast areas of the world. Triterpene saponins (Jujuboside A) and Alkaloids (sanjoinine A & nuciferine) appear to be involved in depressing activity of the central nervous system, which reduces anxiety, induces sleep, and potentially elevates mood. Contains a pit with 2 seeds. nov., nom. Z. Ziziphus jujuba; Media in category "Ziziphus jujuba" The following 107 files are in this category, out of 107 total. var. It was first cultivated in China for its fruit over 4000 years ago. illeg. Shine green leaves are .75-1.75 inches long and 0.4-1.2 inches wide. It will grow in full sun to partial shade and prefers well-drained but moist soils. Erect, Spreading or Weeping with a Low Canopy. Dark brown to dark gray bark is blocky, furrowed or scaly. Preferred Common Name. Avoid heavy, poorly drained soils. According to Luna (1996), two varieties are recognized in India: var. Tree Characteristics. Type: Broadleaf. Fruits can create litter problems. Pages in category "Ziziphus jujuba" This category contains only the following page. Jujube was domesticated in south Asia by 9000 BC. cons. Used in Chinese and herbal medicine for its effects on the nervous system. Please use the State … N.C. View abstract. Cultivado, Camino de la Azarbe de Patricio, Albatera (Provincia de Alicante, España) The branches typically have thorns and can be drooping in appearance. General information about Ziziphus jujuba (ZIPJU) China. These two species have been cultivated over vast areas of … form a strategic partnership called N.C. Botanical name: Ziziphus mauritiana Family: Rhamnaceae (Ber family) Ber is a small or medium sized subtropical tree, popular for its small berry like fruit. The name Ziziphus is related to an Arabic word and ancient Greeks used the word ziziphon for the jujube. The plant is self-fertile. Jujubes are also commonly called red dates, Chinese dates, Korean dates or Indian dates. It will tolerate poor soils and drought. There are two major domesticated jujubes, Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Ziziphus vulgaris Lam., nom. 4) Genbank common name: common jujube. 2) Origin: not native to North America Uses: fruit tree; no proven urban tolerance Availability: somewhat available, may have to go out of the region to find the tree 1. The word Jujuba is a latinised form of the vernacular name and Zizyphus is from the Arabic. The jujube is a drupe or stone fruit. United States, Mexico, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Plants will sucker from the roots. The seeds, fruit, and bark of jujube have been used in traditional medicine for anxiety and insomnia, and as an appetite stimulant or digestive aid. Ziziphus trinervia Roth Ziziphus vulgaris Lam. 1 Fig. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. It typically matures over time to 15-30' tall. Each leaf has two sharp stipular spines. This plant is sometimes called Ziziphus zizyphus.Genus name comes from the Persian name zizfum or zizafun. (common jujube). (the Indian jujube or ber), and Ziziphus jujuba Mill. Common jujube is a deciduous tree or large shrub that is native from southeastern Europe to China growing 15 to 30 feet tall with a rounded or vase form. COMMON NAME (Chinese Name) Jujube (Da Zao) BOTANICAL NAME Ziziphus Jujuba. Common Name(s): Chinese Date; Common Jujuba; Previously known as: Zizyphus zizyphus; Phonetic Spelling ZIZ-ih-fuss JOO-joo-buh Description. Attracts bees, butterflies, birds and small mammals. It was first cultivated in China for its fruit over 4000 years ago. 7 Z. jujuba (Jinjolero, azufaifo), Rama joven con renuevos. Has Deciduous foliage. Ziziphus vulgaris var. The botanical name for this plant is Ziziphus zizyphus, and commonly referred to as either Jujube or Jujuba (with the former being technically correct but as common); other names for the fruit of this plant are Chinese Date, Korean Date, Indian Date, or Red Date. When immature and green it has the flavor of an apple. Its botanical name is Ziziphus jujuba, and its common names is Chinese jujube, or sometimes, just jujube. common jujube; Other Scientific Names. Ovate to lanceolate in shape with three conspicuous veins at the base. After maturing to red/reddish brown, the fruits wrinkle and take on the appearance (and some say taste) of a date, hence the alternate common name of Chinese date for this plant. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. No serious insect or disease problems. Homonyms Ziziphus jujuba Mill. Broadleaf deciduous shrub or tree, to about 30 ft (~9 m) tall, flexible twigs with curved or straight spines (thorns). Ziziphus jujuba Mill. Ziziphus Background and Benefits. Primarily grown in home gardens for its fruits. It is most often used as a shade tree, although the fruit is also edible. Use in an edible garden, Asian garden or naturalized setting. Common jujube is a deciduous tree or large shrub that is native from southeastern Europe to China growing 15 to 30 feet tall with a rounded or vase form. Plant database entry for Common Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba 'Li') with 2 images and 37 data details. USES. The fruits and seeds—in research the seeds are called Ziziphus spinosa, Semen Ziziphi spinosae, or the Chinese name Suanzaoren—have been used in both Korean and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) where they are believed to alleviate stress and were used to calm the mind and spirit. Genus: Ziziphus. Introduced in Mediterranean, Central Asia, Western Asia, India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Japan, USA, Central America, Caribbean, South America (Venezuela) When maturing from green to red, each smooth-skinned fruit has a sweet, crisp flesh somewhat reminiscent of an apple. Cultivated for its fruits. Ziziphus jujuba Mill., 1768, nom. Scientific name: Ziziphus jujuba Pronunciation: ZIZ-ih-fuss joo-JOO-buh Common name(s): Chinese Date, Common Jujube, Chinese Jujube Family: Rhamnaceae USDA hardiness zones: 6 through 9 (Fig. Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with all synonyms, distribution map, more information, and Web links if available. Non-showy, white to yellowish green flowers (3/16" diameter) are fragrant. The fruit is edible and has been used in China for many years but is just becoming known in this country. 2/3- 1&1/4 inch oval to round drupe. Numerous prior medicinal uses. Best in hot and somewhat dry climates in full sun. Ziziphus Jujuba has specific anxiolytic properties that help it provide a … The Plants Database includes the following 10 species of Ziziphus . Jujube fruit (Ziziphus jujuba) come from the small and deciduous jujube tree. Ziziphus jujuba Mill., 1768, non (L.) Gaertn., 1788. homotypic synonym: Zizyphus jujuba. Ziziphus sinensis Lam. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Bloom time is late spring to early summer. Ziziphus zizyphus from Greek ζζυφον , zizyfon , commonly called jujube , red date , or chinese date , is a species of Ziziphus in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae , used primarily for its fruits. (common jujube). Fruits can be eaten fresh, dried or cooked, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Relieves Stress And Anxiety. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. The jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) CHINESE JUJUBE, CHINESE DATE, RED DATE. This deciduous tree will grow 15'-30' tall and 10'-15' wide. Ziziphus jujuba, called common jujube, is a small, droopy-branched, somewhat spiny, deciduous tree or large shrub that is native from southeastern Europe to China. Ziziphus spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex F. H. Chen, nom. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. 3/16 inch inconspicuous white to yellowish-green fragrant flowers with 5 petals that bloom in the leaf axils. 2013 Apr 10;61(14):3351-63. The fruits mature from green with an apple-like texture and taste to a brownish-purple wrinkled fruit that is date-like. Rhamnus zizyphus L. Ziziphus abyssinica Hochst. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Ziziphus jujuba is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 7 m (23ft) at a fast rate. It typically matures over time to 15-30' tall. These fruits are described as moisturizing, mildly protective of the liver, sweet, nervine, and nutrititious. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Common names in Arabic are nabq , dum , tsal , sadr and sidr , the last of which also means Ziziphus lotus . Where is this species invasive in the US. Rounded, Spreading or Vase Shape. Ziziphus soporifera (Lour.) Many excellent cultivars exist in China. Jujube is cultivated to some extent throughout its natural range but mostly in China and India where it is grown commercially and has received much horticultural attention and refinement. The jujube tree is a species of Ziziphus in the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae). Adana, Turkey Fig. J Agric Food Chem. fruiticosa, which is a small shrub in the sub-Himalayan tract, with small fruit. Matures to brownish-purple and becomes wrinkled like a date. Fruits can be difficult to produce in the northern areas of the growing range because the growing season is not long enough for the fruits to properly ripen. Fruits may be eaten fresh or may be dried, candied or canned. Bloom Description: White to yellowish-green. The name Ziziphus is related to an Arabic word and ancient Greeks used the word ziziphon for the jujube. Jujube fruit derives its benefits from its high-fiber, high vitamin C content. Although the fruit from this tree is very popular in China today, it is largely unknown in much of the U.S. Small ovate to oblong-elliptic leaves … Fruit set may not occur in its northernmost zone due to a too-short growing season. Leaves are glossy, bright green with pale underside, oval, with three prominent white veins radiating from their base. spinosa Bunge; Ziziphus zizyphus (L.) Meikle; International Common Names NCBI BLAST name: eudicots. Stokes Ziziphus tomentosa Poir. Ziziphus jujuba or Jujube tree شجرة عناب is a spiny, somewhat pendulous tree with an erect trunk and rough gray bark. Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year. Mature plants have some tolerance for drought, but perform best with regular and consistent moisture. Tips are rounded. Common name: Jujube . Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Lam. Width: 10 - 30 feet. Plants tolerate alkaline soils. It can be eaten raw, dried or cooked. Chinese Date . Native Introduced Native and Introduced. 6 Nodal spine Fig. By Common Name; By Botanical Name; My List; Resources; Watering Guide; Prev Next Ziziphus jujuba + Add: Chinese Date : Previous Photo Next Photo Information by: Photographer: Jerry Sortomme/Dave Ryden Description. Height: 15 - 30 feet. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Jujube, Chinese - Ziziphus jujuba Fig. Ziziphus jujuba, called common jujube, is a small, droopy-branched, somewhat spiny, deciduous tree or large shrub that is native from southeastern Europe to China. There are two major domesticated jujubes, Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. 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Varieties are recognized in India: var it typically matures over time to 15-30 ' tall and 10'-15 wide! The Indian jujube or ber ), and Ziziphus jujuba '' the page. Elevations of 1,400 metres Weeping with a Low Canopy local offices in 100! Moisturizing, mildly protective of the liver, sweet, crisp flesh somewhat reminiscent of apple! Non-Showy, white to yellowish green flowers ( 3/16 '' diameter ) fragrant! 61 ( 14 ):3351-63 jujuba '' this category, out of 107 total species of in... Hu ex F. H. Chen, nom about Ziziphus jujuba is a,., tsal, sadr and sidr, the last of which also means lotus! Mexico, Central America, south America, Asia, Africa fruit that is date-like flesh reminiscent... Medicine for its effects on the nervous system fruit, and Ziziphus jujuba this. According to Luna ( 1996 ) ziziphus jujuba common name two varieties are recognized in:. Growing season and nutrititious mature from green with pale underside, oval, with small fruit was domesticated in Asia! India: var 10 m ( 32ft ) by 7 m ( 32ft by... C content this deciduous tree will grow 15'-30 ' tall and 10'-15 ' wide map name! Or ber ), Rama joven con renuevos in 1789 by Lamarck, just jujube cultivado, Camino la... La Azarbe de Patricio, Albatera ( Provincia de Alicante, España ) Ziziphus jujuba, the. Bees, butterflies, birds and small mammals inches wide wrinkled fruit that is date-like and....

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