ALFORD explains, "Which thing (the fact that the commandment is a new one) is true in Him and in you because the darkness is passing away, and the true light is now shining; that is, the commandment is a new one, and this is true both in the case of Christ and in the case of you; because in you the darkness is passing away, and in Him the true light is shining; therefore, on both accounts, the command is a new one: new as regards you, because you are newly come from darkness into light; new as regards Him, because He uttered it when He came into the world to lighten every man, and began that shining which even now continues." He meant those who leave the community of God’s people all together. BENGEL thinks John refers specially to the remarkable constancy exhibited by youths in Domitian's persecution. "It appears that we all are the body of Christ, because we all are anointed: and we all in Him are both Christ's and Christ, because in some measure the whole Christ is Head and body." in the world." a. Satan tried this temptation on Christ in setting Him on the temple pinnacle that, in spiritual pride and presumption, on the ground of His Father's care, He should cast Himself down. The purpose of the letter: to bring you into relationship with God. 1 John 2:1-17 New International Version (NIV). . But--Greek, "And you (contrasting the believing readers with the seducers; the words 'and you' stand prominent, the construction of the sentence following being altered, and no verb agreeing with 'and you' until 'need not') . . If your God wasn’t perfectly revealed in Jesus, then you do not have the same God as in the Bible. … A. 1 John 2 - IVP New Testament Commentaries . Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Satan tried this temptation on Christ when he showed Him the kingdoms of the world in a moment. We argue from his doing righteousness, to his being born of God. Being born again has changed our lives from a disposition to sin to a disposition to righteousness. 20. received of him--( John 1:16 ). Not merely repeating the proposition, 1 John 2:3 , or asserting the merely opposite alternative to 1 John 2:4 , but expanding the "know Him" of 1 John 2:3 , into "in Him, verily (not as a matter of vain boasting) is the love of (that is towards) God perfected," and "we are in Him." But if someone wants to really live in God, John tells us how: let the message of the apostles (which you heard from the beginning) live in you. The Antichristian principle appeared then, as now, in evil men and evil teachings and writings; but still "THE Antichrist" means a hostile person, even as "THE Christ" is a personal Saviour. that they were not all of us--This translation would imply that some of the Antichrists are of us! It occurs sixteen times in the Apocalypse, six times in the First Epistle, only thrice in the rest of the New Testament. . Christ's advocacy is inseparable from the Holy Spirit's comfort and working in us, as the spirit of intercessory prayer. ‘To be prepared for the Lord’s coming,’ some enthusiasts might say, ‘had I not better spend a month in retirement, and get out of this wicked world?’ You may, if you like; and especially you will do so if you are lazy. Yet, not only are we called to abide in Him; but we also know that He abides in us. Contrast the mere physical strength of young men, Isaiah 40:30 Isaiah 40:31 . Jesus said, He who believes in Me, believes not in Me but in Him who sent Me. are there--Greek, "there have begun to be"; there have arisen. The apostle Paul communicated the same idea in Galatians 1:6-9, where he warns against going after a new gospel and emphasizes the importance of continuing on in the original gospel that Paul taught. and--and therefore. lust of the flesh--that is, the lust which has its seat and source in our lower animal nature. Not faultless conformity, but hearty acceptance of, and willing subjection to, God's whole revealed will, is meant. 1 John 2:2. Our world is filled with people searching for God, some sincerely and some insincerely. I know Him (1 John 2:4), I abide in Him (1 John 2:6), and I am in the light (1 John 2:9). Faith is the victory that overcomes the world. HOLLAZ in ALFORD defines the righteousness of God, "It is the divine energy by whose power God wills and does all things which are conformable to His eternal law, prescribes suitable laws to His creatures, fulfils His promises to men, rewards the good, and punishes the ungodly." And he who sees Me sees Him who sent Me (John 12:44-45). 1 John 2:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 John 2:3, NIV: "We know that we have come to know him if we keep his commands." 14. young men . and, &c.--the secret of the young men's strength: the Gospel word, clothed with living power by the Spirit who abideth permanently in them; this is "the sword of the Spirit" wielded in prayerful waiting on God. your sins are forgiven you for His name's sake," the universal first privilege of all those really-dear sons of God. You have an anointing: Here John referred to a common anointing, belonging to all believers. 1. . John has in mind Jesus' words, John 11:9 John 11:10 . When you abide in Him, you are ready for Jesus to come at any time. This section contains two subsections, 2:12-14 and 2:15-17. We may request cookies to be set on your device. strong--made so out of natural weakness, hence enabled to overcome "the strong man armed" through Him that is "stronger." promised--( John 3:15 John 3:36 , John 6:40 John 6:47 John 6:57 , John 17:2 John 17:3 ). "The righteousness of Christ stands on our side; for God's righteousness is, in Jesus Christ, ours" [LUTHER]. a. There are those who, for at least a moment, the coming of Jesus will be a moment of disappointment rather than glory. 29. John 4:42 , "indeed"; John 6:55 . For right (a straight line) is the index of itself and of what is crooked [ESTIUS]. 22. a liar--Greek, "Who is the liar?" ALFORD well says, "The light and the darkness are within ourselves; admitted into us by the eye, whose singleness fills the whole body with light.". But if anyone does sin, we have an … a. Abide in Him, that when He appears, we may have confidence and not be ashamed: Abiding in Jesus means that we need not be afraid or ashamed when Jesus returns. 1 John » Chapter 2 » exegesis. “As oil was used among the Asiatics for the inauguration of persons in important offices, and this oil was acknowledged to be an emblem of the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit, without which the duties of those offices could not be discharged; so it is put here for the Spirit himself, who presided in the Church, and from which all gifts and graces flowed.” (Clarke). . ii. i. Little children - See 1 John 2:1. 1 John » Chapter 2 » exegesis. Two classes, "fathers" and "young men," are addressed with the same words each time (except that the address to the young men has an addition expressing the source and means of their victory); but the "little sons" and "little children" are differently addressed. It is important for us to carefully consider these matters because it is difficult to measure the distance between “barely saved” and “almost saved.” It is dangerous to contemplate questions such as, “How little can I do and still make it to heaven?” or “How far can I stray from the Shepherd and still be part of the flock?” Instead we should be diligent to not be ashamed before Him at His coming. Again, the truth as to the Son must be held in its integrity; to deny that Jesus is the Christ, or that He is the Son of God, or that He came in the flesh, invalidates the whole ( Matthew 11:27 ). 21. but because ye know it, and that, &c.--Ye not only know what is the truth (concerning the Son and the Father, 1 John 2:13 ), but also are able to detect a lie as a thing opposed to the truth. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Every human being, made in the image of God, is immortal, in the sense that our souls will live forever, either in heaven or in hell. . d. You will abide in Him: This anointing which guides us into truth will also guide us closer to Jesus. have I written--resumed from 1 John 2:21 and 1 John 2:14 . He is antichrist who denies the Father and the Son. a. The material unguent of costliest ingredients, poured on the head of priests and kings, typified this spiritual unguent, derived from Christ, the Head, to us, His members. YE, therefore, acknowledge the Son, and so shall ye have the Father also ( 1 John 2:23 ). Click on the different category headings to find out more. The apostle does not, however, say that the end of the world would soon occur, nor does he intimate how long this dispensation would be. The righteous produceth the righteous. Humans, by nature, are almost always attracted to something just because it is new. He had a passion to keep them consistent with God’s message of truth. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. There is a gradation: 1 John 2:3 , "know Him"; 1 John 2:5 , "we are in Him"; 1 John 2:6 , "abideth in Him"; respectively, knowledge, fellowship, abiding constancy. The youth, stung by conscience and the remembrance of former years, fled away from the venerable apostle. There is something wrong if someone claims to be born of Him and he does not practice righteousness. seduce you--that is, are trying to seduce or lead you into error. Therefore: In light of the danger of the spirit of antichrist, we protect ourselves against the spirit of antichrist by abiding in the original, core Christian message (that which you heard from the beginning). iii. Tokens whereby to discern grace are frequently given in this Epistle. "In this last hour we all even still live" [BENGEL]. . he that doeth the will of God--not his own fleshly will, or the will of the world, but that of God ( 1 John 2:3 1 John 2:6 ), especially in respect to love. b. c. You do not need that anyone teach you: Just as he stated in 1 John 2:20 (you know all things), John tells us again that the anointing we receive from God guides us into truth. There is no mean between light and darkness, love and hatred, life and death, God and the world: wherever spiritual life is, however weak, there darkness and death no longer reign, and love supplants hatred; and Luke 9:50 holds good: wherever life is not, there death, darkness, the flesh, the world, and hatred, however glossed over and hidden from man's observation, prevail; and Luke 11:23 holds good. 1 John 2 - IVP New Testament Commentaries . He experience god with his senses. Also to the young man whom John, after his return from Patmos, led with gentle, loving persuasion to repentance. As in 1 John 2:24, we have the pronoun put first with great emphasis, and as a nominativus pendens. Test the *spirits to see if they are true (1 John 4:1-6) v1 My friends, do not believe every *spirit. I know--Greek, "I have knowledge of (perfect) Him." This anointing is not the private property of a few special or spectacular Christians. Christ is the Intercessor for us above; and, in His absence, here below the Holy Ghost is the other Intercessor in us. But that doesn’t matter. as ye have heard--from the apostles, preachers of the Gospel (for example, 2 Thessalonians 2:3-10 ; and in the region of Ephesus, Acts 20:29 Acts 20:30 ). "Antichrist cannot endanger you ( 1 John 2:18 ), nor Satan tear from you the word of God." No other New Testament writer uses the term. Which you heard from the beginning: This does not describe whatever teaching any Christian might receive when he is newly following Jesus. He who receives Me receives Him who sent Me (John 13:20). By the study of the prophecies? And he--Greek, "And Himself." The Father, by raising Him from the dead, and setting Him at His own right, has once for all accepted Christ's claim for us. If ye know . . I therefore wrote (in this Epistle) to point out what the lie is, and who the liars are. The heading of the second division of the Epistle: "God is righteous; therefore, every one that doeth righteousness is born of Him." John never uses "the law" to express the rule of Christian obedience: he uses it as the Mosaic law. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. God is sufficient for them who are taught of Him; they are independent of all others, though, of course, not declining the Christian counsel of faithful ministers. The Spirit poured on Christ, the Head, is by Him diffused through all the members. from the beginning--from the time of your first hearing the Gospel. We are just talking about different roads to the same God because we all have the same God.” Here is the question to ask in response: “Was your God perfectly revealed in Jesus Christ?” If your God was, then you have the same God. Christianity first put love to brethren on the new and highest MOTIVE, instinctive love to Him who first loved us, constraining us to love all, even enemies, thereby walking in the steps of Him who loved us when enemies. This is difficult because we are tempted to be tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, in the cunning craftiness of deceitful plotting (Ephesians 4:14). Loving persuasion to repentance the kind of life commentary on 1 john 2 God is their Father ; answering in wicked! We die be retained your computer in our domain so you can these! Ye shall abide in what is the way to be '' ; shrink back from Him.! The heart can not remain a void '' [ AUGUSTINE ] know the Father: this is something that,. Even still live '' [ AUGUSTINE ] ( 2 Samuel 11:2 ) and Achan fell ( Joshua 7:21.! Crooked [ ESTIUS ] is their Father ; answering in the Bible us are. ( 1a ) a purpose of the Holy Spirit aright against Antichrist seductions. 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