Project Description. In art, the juxtaposition of irrational images reveal a “super-reality,” or “sur-reality.” In Lam’s work, an other-worldly atmosphere emerges from the constant shifting taking place among the figures; they are at once human, animal, organic, and mystical. A three-dimensional work of art made by a variety of means, including carving wood, chiseling stone, casting or welding metal, molding clay or wax, or assembling materials. Some will do it with music, others with literature, I with painting.”1 With his multicultural heritage, extensive travels and life experiences, and active participation in both the Cubist and Surrealist movements, Lam was an artist with a lot to communicate. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla December 8, 1902 – September 11, 1982), also known as Wifredo Lam. Wifredo Lam was born on December 8, 1902, in Cuba. Lam’s distinctive style and exploration of Afro-Cuban visual culture, alongside his knowledge of European modernism, made a hug… Originally a term of derision used by a critic in 1908, Cubism describes the work of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and those influenced by them. The figures seem to simultaneously emerge from and merge with a dense wall of vegetation composed of thick, banded stalks suggestive of the sugarcane that grew in the fields the slaves worked. Source The Jungle, which is considered Lam’s masterpiece, is exemplary of the artist’s mature style. Wilfredo Lam was a Cuban artist whom depicted the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. “Just one of the ways one can try to explain with full liberty. 1943. While there, he befriended Pablo Picasso and also established himself as an integral member of the Surrealist movement. With their fantastic appearance, they seem as if they could have sprung from the artist’s dreams or possibly from his unconscious, the workings of the mind that especially interested the Surrealists. That same year, feeling a distaste for academia and a passion for painting out-of-doors and in the street, he moved to Spain. Wifredo Lam The Jungle 1943 (La Jungla) Exhibition Poster, High Quality Printable Wall Art Argaios. The perceived hue of an object, produced by the manner in which it reflects or emits light into the eye. The polymorphism, for which Lam is well known, juxtaposes aspects of humans, animals and plants, creating monstrous, hybrid creatures. Favorite Add to Wifredo Lam original Lithograph Les affinites ambigues, XX siecle 1963 Abstract, Surrealism artebonito. Discover how artists mine the concept of identity—and often challenge it—in their work. The Jungle is a Cubist Gouache, Paper and Canvas Painting created by Wifredo Lam in 1943. The Jungle: Where Worlds Collide In 1943, Wifredo Lam was in the midst of re-acquainting himself with his native Cuba, especially its population of African descent. Surrealists aimed to release the unconscious mind—suppressed, they believed, by the rational—in order to achieve another reality. See this work in MoMA’s Online Collection. A rendering of the basic elements of a composition, often made in a loosely detailed or quick manner. Reading a survey on Caribbean art that I found at the public library, Wilfredo Lam came up at least half a dozen times before I even got to the section on Afro-Cubanism. He depicted figures with crescent-shaped faces, recalling African or Pacific Islander masks, against a background of Cuban sugarcane fields. Though he was raised Roman Catholic, strands of such Afro-Caribbean religious practices as Santería—a hybrid of West African Yoruba traditions and Catholicism—filtered into his upbringing and would come to greatly influence his art. There are four female figures in a row across the canvas. He was born in Sagua La Grande, Cuba, of mixed Chinese, European, Indian, and African descent. In his 1924 “Surrealist Manifesto,” Breton argued for an uninhibited mode of expression derived from the mind’s involuntary mechanisms, particularly dreams, and called on artists to explore the uncharted depths of the imagination with radical new methods and visual forms. Cubism’s influence extended to an international network of artists working in Paris in those years and beyond. He studied law in Havana before becoming an artist. He also began making sculptures, extending his painted images into three dimensions. MOCO SILVA MIKLOS / Passages de Paris Édition Spéciale (2009) 3-11 4 Résumé : Cet article a l´objectif de faire une brève analyse du tableau “La Jungle”, la plus fameuse oeuvre de Wifredo Lam. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. He blended elements of Cubism, Surrealism, African, and Afro-Cuban art in paintings that became further dominated by his combined human-animal figures, which seemed to fuse with the lush, tropical flora that sometimes surrounded them. Discover how Surrealists explored the terrain of the subconscious mind in landscape paintings. Lam merged the artistic and cultural traditions of Europe with those of his homeland when he returned to Cuba in 1941 and renewed his familiarity with its light, vegetation, and culture. The Jungle, which is considered Lam's masterpiece, is exemplary of the artist's mature style. This untitled gouache by the Cuban master Wifredo Lam dates from one of the most fecund and innovative decades of his artistic career when, after returning to his native island after a fifteen-year stay in Europe, he was reinvigorated by his Afro-Cuban cultural heritage. This metamorphosis among t… La vie est un songe, Filipacchi 1974 Cuba, 1902–23. A Snail Out of Its Shell The artist’s own family included people of African descent. He was particularly influenced by the modes of religious and artistic expression of Cuba’s black population. These ranged from abstract “automatic” drawings to hyper-realistic painted scenes inspired by dreams and nightmares to uncanny combinations of materials and objects. 1. The Jungle is a huge painting with an extremely intricate, complex composition. Originally enslaved by Spanish and Portuguese traders and brought to the island to work its sugarcane fields, Africans were forced to abandon their native beliefs and convert to Catholicism. 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